Red Ear Syndrome (SOV) is a type of disease characterized by headaches, and then one or both ears are red, causing a burning sensation. When touching the ear, it is possible to feel the warmth (heat).
Primary symptoms of canine otitis
Itchy ear, sores on the back of the ear, head turned to one side, shaking the head, dark and smelly wax and redness. Canine Otitis Treatment and Cure. Treatment and cure consist of topical medications and ear hygiene.
What is this disease?
Canine otitis is an inflammation that can reach the outer, inner, or middle ear of the dog. To understand how the pet’s organism works, it is essential to know that, inside the ear, live mites, bacteria, and fungi are natural and indispensable for the body. But when the animal’s immunity falls, they reproduce more and cause the problem.
Especially in breeds with droopy ears, such as cockers, beagles, and bassets, canine otitis is frequent. This is because the ear that covers the animal’s ear canal facilitates the accumulation of moisture, a full plate for bacteria. Another reason dogs are very susceptible to ear infections is that their ear canals are more significant than those of humans. And its “L” shape – which makes it difficult for the channel to be “airy” – also provides a warm home for unwanted microorganisms.
Speaking of microorganisms, canine otitis can occur due to the presence of several types of them. When it reaches the outer ear, the most common cause is bacterial or mixed infection (bacteria and fungi), or accumulation of earwax. But foreign bodies can also enter, such as water, dust, pieces of cotton, among other things.
There is also the possibility of inflammation due to the presence of fungi and parasites, such as mites and ticks. Please pay attention to your pet’s symptoms and take him to the vet at the first sign of pain or discomfort in the ear. The sooner you treat the infection, the less chance of complications, such as progression to otitis media or internal – which implies a more complicated treatment.
He may also start rubbing his ears on furniture and the wall due to the itching. When you see these signs, check his ear. Look for canine otitis, such as redness, swelling, purulent crusts, excess ear wax, and black or yellow discharge. If the condition worsens, symptoms may also include walking in circles and some hearing loss, which indicates neurological problems caused by the disease. If this happens, immediately take him to the vet.
Pay attention also to the appearance and smell of the wax, as a more sweet smell, for example, indicates the presence of fungi – and remember to report everything to the vet.
The leading causes of canine otitis are the presence of organisms or foreign bodies in your pet’s ear. Most dogs will have their outer ear affected by bacteria, fungi, viruses, allergies, and wax buildup. Canine otitis, in general, is not usually transmissible to other dogs or humans. Still, if the cause is a parasitic infection, by ticks or mites, there can be transmitted by contact, both to other animals and to humans.
Also, dogs with skin allergies are more likely to develop inflammation in the ear because the inner part is also covered with skin. Another factor that can cause canine otitis is the incorrect hygiene of the dog’s ear, both for more and for less. Excessive cleaning can remove the body’s natural defenses (the mites, bacteria, and fungi we talked about) and leave it exposed, while a little careful cleaning preserves dirt and foreign bodies.
All of these causes of canine otitis are classified into two groups. When it is primary, due to the presence of bacteria or fungi, it occurs mainly due to the proliferation of the animal organism’s flora. This will depend on the predisposition and responsiveness of your puppy’s immune system. On the other hand, the secondary cause occurs with the entry of some aggressive agent – water, pieces of cotton, etc.
How to prevent?
In any matter, the vital thing is to pay attention to the dog’s behavior and take him to the vet if he sees that his ears have any changes. The more profound the inflammation in the ear canal, the less access to the affected region. It is more difficult to administer medications, and the chances of complications are more magnificent. Therefore, when it comes to canine otitis, it is essential to focus on Prevention.
Usually, when microorganisms cause the problem, the veterinarian will recommend antibiotics and antifungals, in addition to analgesics, to ease the pain and discomfort in the hairy ear. In cases where the cause of the inflammation is a foreign body (a piece of cotton or dirt, for example), treatment is usually more natural. As the affected area is more accessible, the problem is solved with good hygiene and administration of antibiotics in case of bacterial manifestation. Dogs with repeated instances of canine otitis, known as recurrent otitis, are more likely to develop internal infections, that is, in deeper regions of the ear canal.
Also, microorganisms tend to develop resistance to drugs. In these cases, cytological exams are necessary to identify the type of cause and, therefore, indicate the most effective remedy. If you get doubt that your dog has canine otitis, remember to write down all the details you can to make your veterinarian’s diagnosis accurate: symptoms, dog food, allergies, frequency of ear cleaning, places you have recently visited and if had cases of inflammation in the ear before are some examples.
Depending on your answers, a simple physical examination, with the aid of an otoscope, may be sufficient to detect it. If the cause is the entry of an aggressive agent, the veterinarian removes them in the office. But this can involve sedation since manipulation of the animal’s ear is often painful. Canine otitis can be prevented by simply cleaning your puppy’s ear, especially if they are dropped. In these cases, it is recommended to do the cleaning once a week.
If the dog is hairy, it is also essential to keep the ear hair well-trimmed to prevent it from entering the ear and causing infections. But be careful: if the pet does not have droopy ears, cleaning does not need (and should not) be done every week. Excessively cleaning the ear can remove natural cleanings. Try to clean the area once every 15 days or when you notice dirt in the area. The most important thing is always to inspect regularly to ensure everything is normal.
Don’t forget ever to take your dog to trusted pet stores to bathe and do other procedures. It is common for the animal to develop inflammation in the ear due to stress during bathing or even injuries during cleaning. In addition to the fact that water can enter the ear if it is not well protected, it will cause problems if it is not very dry. If you bathe at home, protect its ear with cotton wool (found in pet stores), which do not absorb water.